Modern electronically controlled engines and transmissions should be diagnosed as a drive train unit. OEM and aftermarket scan tools help to troubleshoot causes, minimizing needless repairs and replacements.
Maintenance shop diagnostic tools either defy obsolescence and get replaced only when broken or they become obsolete as technology changes. Bidding for diagnostic tools should include update costs for the expected life to compare on a lifecycle basis as part of the vehicle selection process.
Background National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) is international tech trade association serving lubricating grease, gear lubricant industry
Anti-lock braking systems may be falsely accused of a problem that is actually related to foundation brakes.